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Ngayong Araw Sa Kasaysayan Ng Pilipinas
(This Day In Philippine History)
Nobiyembre 30: Araw Ni Bonifacio
(November 30: Bonifacio Day)

**Bonifacio Monument On Philippine Stamp - 1978

     The "Cry of Pugadlawin"  or  "Cry of Balintawak,"  which was an event that occurred in 1896, was a loud, passionate call for independence by Filipino revolutionaries who were led by Andres Bonifacio. The event marked the beginning of the birth of the Filipino nation.

Katipunan Centennial On First Day Cover - 1992
The Katipunan, Andres Bonifacio And Katipuneros (Revolutionaries)

     The Kataastaasan Kagalanggalangang Katipunan Ng Mga Anak Ng Bayan (Highest And Most Respectable Society Of The Sons Of The People) or KKK was the revolutionary society founded by Andres Bonifacio in 1892. It was (and still is) popularly known as the Katipunan.

Andres Bonifacio On First Day Cover - 1958

     Andres Bonifacio: He was a market peddler, a warehouse keeper, a salesman and a stylish dresser. He was a poverty-stricken fellow who was forced to leave school and yet he became a learned man and the "Father of Philippine Revolution."
Posted: September 19, 2005 / Updated: December 9, 2009

Ngayong Araw Sa Kasaysayan Ng Pilipinas
(This Day In Philippine History)
Disiyembre 30: Araw Ni Rizal
(December 30: Rizal's Day)



Chronology of Events in the Life of Jose Rizal

1861 - Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861 in the town of Calamba in Laguna. His parents were Francisco Mercado Rizal and Teodora Alonzo Realonda.

1864 - Young Jose learned the alphabet at the age of three. His first teacher was his mother.

1867 - At the age of five, Rizal manifested his artistic talents through sketching and wax-and-clay moulding. Before the age of six, he acquired the skills to read and write.

1869 - Rizal wrote his first poem in Filipino which was entitled, "Sa Aking mga Kababata" ("To My Fellow Children"). The main theme of the poem was love of one's native language and it was Rizal's earliest expression of nationalistic sentiment.

1876 - Young Rizal remembered his hometown with fondness while he was studying in a school located in another town of Laguna and wrote the poem, "In Memory of My Hometown."

1877 - Rizal earned his bachelor of arts degree with the highest honor at Ateneo. During the following year, he passed the licensure examination in surveying.

1879 - Rizal won the first prize in a literary contest. The prize-winning poem, "La Juventud Filipina" ("To the Filipino Youth"), was an inspirational poem which strongly encouraged the Filipino youth to apply their genius in the various fields of human work since they were the hope of the Fatherland. The poem was the first great poem in Spanish written by a Filipino.

1882 - Rizal completed his medical course at the University of Santo Tomas.

1884 - Dr. Jose Rizal earned a medical degree at the Universidad Central de Madrid. One year later, he completed his course in philosophy and letters.

1886 - Dr. Rizal left Spain for Germany to study ophthalmology at the University of Hiedelberg. In spring of 1886, he wrote the poem, "To the Flowers of  Hiedelberg."

1887 - The first novel of Dr. Rizal was published in Berlin, Germany. The novel, "Noli Me Tangere" ("Touch Me Not"), was a critical socio-political study of Philippine society under Spanish colonial administration. For having written the book, Rizal won the admiration and respect of the Filipino people; at the same time, he became an enemy of the Spanish friars and colonial administrators.

1889 - Dr. Rizal's article, "Los Agricultores Filipinos" ("The Filipino Farmers"), was published in La Solidaridad which was the official newspaper of the Filipino Propaganda Movement in Spain. La Solidaridad was organized by Filipino reformists who advocated for socio-political reforms in the Philippines and representation of the Philippines in the Spanish Cortes.

1891 - Dr. Rizal's second novel, "El Filibusterismo," was published in Ghent, Belgium.

1892 - Dr. Rizal organized the Liga Filipina in Tondo, Manila. The Liga's aims were the following: 1) Unite the whole archipelago into one compact, vigorous and homogenous body; 2) Mutual protection in every want and necessity; 3) Defense against all violence and injustice; 4) Encouragement of instruction, agriculture and commerce; and 5) Study and application of reforms. One of the founders of the Liga was Andres Bonifacio who was to become a revolutionary hero. Three days after the Liga was formed, Rizal was arrested by Spanish authorities. Eight days later, he was deported to Dapitan in Mindanao where he remained for four years.

1896 - In a military court, Rizal was falsely accused of leading the Philippine revolution by Spanish officials. The court's decision was a death penalty sentence for Rizal. On December 30, 1896, Dr. Jose Rizal was executed by firing squad in Bagumbayan field.

Posted: December 9, 2009

Updated: December 9, 2009

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Alex Angara Moises. Advance Thematic Collector. Philippines